Strategic Comments

Strategic Annual Report 2023
Chapter 4 "The Future of International Cooperation"

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As confusion in world affairs deepens due to the prolonged Russian invasion of Ukraine and the outbreak of the Hamas-Israel conflict, the dysfunction of the United Nations Security Council has become apparent, making multilateral international cooperation in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and addressing other global challenges even more difficult. Finding it necessary to respond to such unfolding situations, countries are seeking new forms of international cooperation through minilateralism. These conflicts have shaken the existing international order, and emerging and developing countries in the so-called Global South are intensifying their efforts to assert their autonomy and increase their influence. The international community thus needs to discuss UN reform in preparation for the 2024 UN Summit of the Future, and to work on climate change and other global issues as well as rulemaking on generative AI.